Sewers and Urban Planning in Boston

Though private citizens and companies built the early sewers of Boston the infrastructure was changed and expanded in the late 1800s with the development of the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission.

Mount Auburn Cemetery

This post describes how Mount Auburn Cemetery represents a shift in American ideologies and describes its impact on urban history.

Cutting of Beacon Hill

Boston’s Use of First and Second Nature

Boston was physically shaped as a result of first and second nature. Boston’s location was primarily a result of first nature, and during the early nineteenth century, second nature led Bostonians to manually reshaped the landscape by cutting down Beacon Hill to fill in tidal regions in order to create the city they had and continued to envision.

Filling Boston’s Back Bay

The most radical land-fill operation carried out in Boston was that of the Back Bay, which symbolized “Boston’s wealth and optimism in the late 1850’s and the pride and ambition of her civic leaders.”